Luxuries from the Eastern world, brought home during the Crusadesincreased the prosperity of Genoa and Venice.
The language, too, was undergoing a rapid expansion that all classes contributed to and benefited from, sophisticated literature borrowing without shame the idioms of colloquial speech.
Both humanism and Puritanism set themselves against vulgar ignorance and folk tradition, but, fortunately, neither could remain aloof for long from the robustness of popular taste.
The race for cultural development The third complicating factor was the race to catch up with Continental developments in arts and philosophy. John Donne, The First Anniversary, The majority of people were more immediately affected by the religious revolutions of the 16th century.
In the brief, intense moment in which England assimilated the European Renaissance, the circumstances that made the assimilation possible were already disintegrating and calling into question the newly won certainties, as well as the older truths that they were dislodging.
As a result of the decimation in the populace the value of the working class increased, and commoners came to enjoy more freedom. Epidemics ravaged cities, particularly children. Many worked for the Catholic Church and were in holy orderslike Petrarch, while others were lawyers and chancellors of Italian cities, and thus had access to book copying workshops, such as Petrarch's disciple Salutatithe Chancellor of Florence.
Some writers date the Renaissance quite precisely; one proposed starting point iswhen the rival geniuses Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi competed for the contract to build the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral Ghiberti won.
Behind the Elizabethan vogue for pastoral poetry lies the fact of the prosperity of the enclosing sheep farmer, who sought to increase pasture at the expense of the peasantry. Tudor platitudes about order and degree could neither combat nor survive the challenge posed to rank by these arrivistes.
From one point of view, this sudden renaissance looks radiant, confident, heroic—and belated, but all the more dazzling for its belatedness. Historian Steven Kreis expresses a widespread view derived from the 19th-century Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardtwhen he writes that: Yet it remains much debated why the Renaissance began in Italy, and why it began when it did.
The Renaissance Few historians are comfortable with the triumphalist and western Europe-centred image of the Renaissance as the irresistible march of modernity and progress.
Italian humanism spread northward to FranceGermanythe Low Countriesand England with the adoption of large-scale printing after the end of the era of incunabula or books printed prior toand it became associated with the Protestant Reformation. In addition to studying classical Latin and Greek, Renaissance authors also began increasingly to use vernacular languages; combined with the introduction of printingthis would allow many more people access to books, especially the Bible.
It has been said that medieval thinkers philosophised on their knees, but, bolstered by the new studies, they dared to stand up and to rise to full stature.
Completely mistaken, therefore, are those who talk in their foolish fashion about Christ's having been sad and gloomy in character and calling upon us to follow a dismal mode of life.
Accordingly, several theories have been put forward to explain its origins. The Tudors needed to create a class of educated diplomats, statesmen, and officials and to dignify their court by making it a fount of cultural as well as political patronage.
Paganism and Christianity in the Renaissance[ edit ] This section is too long to read comfortably, and needs subsections. A sharp break with medieval values and institutions, a new awareness of the individual, an awakened interest in the material world and nature, and a recovery of the cultural heritage of ancient Greece and Rome—these were once understood to be the major achievements of the Renaissance.
David C Literature 12 November 4th, Renaissance Humanism Humanism of the renaissance period was the predominant movement that revolutionized philosophical, intellectual, and literary customs. It first originated in Italy during the fourteenth century and eventually spread to other major areas in.
The American Renaissance period, circaheralded a new sense of nationalism with a pride linking to a spirit akin to Greek democracy, the rule of Roman law, and a cultural and educational reform movement often referred to as Renaissance humanism.
Overview. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern elleandrblog.coming in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. The term Renaissance humanism is.
THE RENAISSANCE The Renaissance Period: (14th - 17th Centuries) 1.
Meaning rebirth or revival historical period of approximately years marked by a revival in art, literature, and learning. 2. The period served as a bridge or transition between medieval and .An analysis of the humanism in the ranaissance period