The 12th and 6th Army Groups were to mount a subsidiary offensive to keep the Germans off balance and diminish their ability to stop the northern thrust. Still, Allied intelligence could not entirely discount the possibility that remnants of the German Army would attempt a suicidal last stand in the Alps.
On 22 March, with a bright moon lighting the late-night sky, elements of U. Vith he also ordered the 10th Armored Division to Bastogne.
While this was certainly short notice, it did not catch the XII Corps completely unaware. Patton is reported to have put in a counter attack. Except that in Decemberit was Americans who were on the receiving end. Roads became clogged with German troops, and as Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight Eisenhower rushed reinforcements to the area, the tide of the battle began to turn.
In the snow on the 22nd, a battalion of the 4th Armored lost thirty-three tanks to German guns. The first wave of boats was halfway across when the Germans began pouring machine-gun fire into their midst.
A trucking system nicknamed the Red Ball Express brought supplies to front-line troops, but used up five times as much fuel to reach the front line near the Belgian border as was delivered.
The 82nd and st Airborne divisions were moved into the path of the offensive the st reached the vital crossroads of Bastogne just in timewhile Patton moved his divisions with remarkable rapidity to strike the German southern flank.
With the Red Army relentlessly crushing the Third Reich from the east, final victory seemed just a few weeks or months away. In today's era of military micromanagement, one wonders how quickly the U.
Background[ edit ] After the breakout from Normandy at the end of July and the Allied landings in southern France on 15 Augustthe Allies advanced toward Germany more quickly than anticipated. Army was equipped with 80, men, tanks, and guns, while the Germans hadmen, tanks, and 1, guns. Approximately 19, Americans were killed during the counteroffensive.
Additionally, to avoid being caught in the artillery preparation, the paratroopers would jump only after the amphibious troops had reached the Rhine's east bank. After all, the Allies were very much inferior to the Germans as far as their military strength was concerned.
He was appealing for the churched and unchurched alike. Eisenhower walked to the door with Patton. It says volumes that a single U. The Allies had complete air superiority over their German counterpart in December The 21st Army Group had 30 full-strength divisions, 11 each in the British 2nd and U.
As heavier equipment was ferried across the Rhine, both divisions began pushing east, penetrating 3—6 miles 4. By the end of Januarythe Germans had withdrawn from the Ardennes. The narrow roads, ice, snow and mud prevented the Germans from massing their superior armor.
Allied prisoners by the thousands were shunted off to Germany with little food or water in freezing and nearly airless freight cars. At the Bulge, 6, soldiers of the encircled U. The Battle of the Bulge (16 December – 25 January ) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
It was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in eastern Belgium, northeast France, and Luxembourg.
The Battle of the Bulge, so named because of the westward bulging shape of the battleground on a map, lasted from mid-December to the end of January It was the largest land battle of World War II in which the United States directly participated.
More than a million men fought in the battle —Germans,Americans, and 55, British. Vivid new Battle of the Bulge photos offer never-before-seen look at the war-weary soldiers braving the frigid weather as they fight off Nazi Germany's last major offensive of World War II.
Hitler's Last Stand: Why the Battle of the Bulge Still Matters. As the Bulge proved, brave soldiers can make up for failed strategy. But only at immense cost. The Battle of the Bulge began with a German attack on the morning of December 16, Under cover of heavy fog, 38 German divisions struck along a mile front.
The German army managed to push American forces back nearly to the Meuse River and surround the town of Bastogne in Belgium. At the Battle of the Bulge, the Allies suffered close to 70, casualties, most of them American.
But the effort cost the Germans far more:men, and tanks and planes that could not be replaced. To add salt to their wound, the Germans gained .Germanys last stand at the battle of the bulge