When applied to American society, their assumptions would be as follows: Individuals are significant only in terms of their places within social systems i. The Functionalist perspectiveof social inequality usually is the belief that "inequality is not only inevitable but also necessary for the smooth functioning of society.
Nevertheless, interactionism does suggest that the most basic place to begin learning about people is to study how they define their own situations, even if those understandings seem strange or unrealistic.
But work has important, nonmaterial functions beyond helping us pay the bills. Whether or not they go to college, most people work for pay once they reach adulthood.
Regardless of the relative merits of capitalism and socialism, however, both a capitalist economy and socialist economy make possible the societies in which they are found.
In the United States, as is the case around the world, there is patterned inequality that divides society into categories in which there are disparities between access to social and economic rewards, with some people having more opportunity than others.
However, differences in job opportunities may also be caused by a particular group living in an area where there is simply a weaker local economy. Functional and Conflict Theory of Educational Stratification. As this example suggests, many people might not choose to become brain surgeons unless considerable financial and other rewards awaited them.
For example, during a financial recession with its high rates of unemployment and inflation, social programs are trimmed or cut. Symbolic Interactionism Recall that symbolic interactionism focuses on the interaction of individuals and on how they interpret their interaction.
Amish society exemplifies mechanical solidarity. Some critics also take issue with functionalism's tendency to attribute needs to society.
To reiterate an earlier point, several of the remaining chapters of this book discuss the various obstacles that make it difficult for the poor, women, and people of color in the United States to move up the socioeconomic ladder and to otherwise enjoy healthy and productive lives. Many people have friends whom they met in their workplaces or through their work.
For example, functionalist might argue that a minority group lacks the necessary skills that would yield the greatest rewards in society.
The functionalist perspective achieved its greatest popularity among American sociologists in the s and s. As later chapters in this book discuss, because of their race, ethnicity, gender, and class standing at birth, some people have less opportunity than others to acquire the skills and training they need to fill the types of jobs addressed by the functionalist approach.
One version of functionalism addresses differential income and status accorded various professions. US Library of Congress — public domain. A sociological approach in functionalism is the consideration of the relationship between the functions of smaller parts and the functions of the whole.
They have not colored the landscape from the outset as already body-like. Through each perspective, a different approach is used to understand the society.
Third, to limit inequalities between different groups after conflict, the peace process should include actors from all groups. Additionally, there has been a growing concern regarding the gap between the richest of the rich and the poorest of the poor. I know the weight of constant worry over not having enough to fill a belly or fight an illness…Poverty is brutal, consuming and unforgiving.
The functionalist perspective According to the functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society's functioning as a whole.
The manifest function of attending a church or synagogue, for instance, is to worship as part of a religious community, but its latent function may be to help members learn to discern personal from institutional values.
Davis, Kingsley and Wilbert Moore.
Explain the overall approach of symbolic interactionism to understanding work and the economy. Structural Poverty results from problems in society that lead to a lack of opportunity and a lack of jobs. Conversation is an interaction of symbols between individuals who constantly interpret the world around them.
Sustaining definitions of reality in gynecological examinations. Conflict Theory and Functionalism This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory.
The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification.
A Comparison of Functionalism and Conflict Theory Both perspectives can be viewed as two faces of the same society. For example, one of the basic problems facing a nonwhite individual in the functional model is that of high alienation and loss of identity. Conflict theory highlights the control of the economy by the economic elite, the alienation of work, and various problems in the workplace.
Symbolic interactionism focuses on interaction in the workplace and how workers perceive many aspects of their work and workplace interaction. Compare and contrast Marxist and functionalist explanations of class and inequality. There are several sociological perspectives and they all have different ideas and theories about class and inequality, including Marxist (Karl Marx a conflict theory) and Functionalist (Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton a structural consensus theory).
critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives page 2 critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives the conventional wisdom in sociology, at least as expressed in the.
Using the functionalist theory, we can understand stratification better as this theory views society as a system that is set of interconnected parts which together form a whole.
Talcott Parsons ( 79).The conflict theory as a better explanation of income inequality in comparison to the functionalist